Plant Selection: Right now, there are no varieties of crape myrtles resistant to the pest. This can be a difficult pest to control and it may take m… Female CMBS will then produce the white felt sac, while male CMBS develop wings and fly off searching for mates. The best time to treat is in during spring, between April and May. Treat again the following year, even if CMBS is not evident. Crape myrtle bark scale is an introduced insect pest from Asia, and it has a great affinity for crape myrtle trees. Slowly over the last 13 years it has moved northward and is now a serious threat to Crepe Myrtles in Hampton Roads. 4 through 6). If one has the scale and you purchased them at the nursery, Lowes, or garden center, then they will surely infect the plants in your garden or surrounding area. Controlling them requires a two-step approach each year. Crape Myrtle Bark Scale is a recent (2004) invasive insect from Asia. Since 2013, in the city of Germantown, there has been a suspicious decrease in the health and appearance of one of the South’s ubiquitous flowering tree species, the crepe myrtle. Scale insects are herbivores, piercing plant tissues with their mouthparts and remaining in one place, feeding on sap. One may want to plant another species altogether to avoid having this problem in their landscape. This smothers the scales that are there. The late fall to early spring time frame is an easier time to identify whether or not you have a problem, as there are no leaves and blooms to hide the infestations. The female’s body shrinks as eggs are pro- duced. CMBS produce large quantities of honeydew, a sticky substance that gets on the leaves and branches and trunks of the plant and then will usually encourage the development of sooty mold, which will turn dark brown to black over a short amount of time. Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale (let’s call it CMBS) is a small insect that appears as a white or gray felt-like encrustation. This honeydew turns in to a black sooty mold. Adult females produce a white, felt-like sac around their bodies and lay approximately 100 to 300 pink eggs inside this sac. CMBS, first identified in Texas in 2004, has now spread to at least 12 additional states including Alabama. for Control of Crapemyrtle Bark Scale Cooperator – Gregg County - Longview, Texas Author - Randy Reeves* and Erfan Vafaie** Year - 2016 Gregg County Summary: In the genus Acanthaacoccus, the scale is a type of felt or bark scale. The female’s body shrinks as eggs are produced. They feed by using their … Expect control to last for the remainder of the season. In its native area it can infest a number of other plants, but right now it is mostly focused on crape myrtles. It is one of the only scales known to infest crape myrtles. Do not expect sooty mold to disappear quickly after treatment. Like other scale insects, CMBS is cousin to aphids and other piercing-sucking Hemipterans. It’s a small sap-feeding insect that lives on the bark of certain plants, especially crapemyrtle. Crepe myrtle bark scale affects crepe myrtles more that are unhealthy. Adult males, which are rarely seen, are winged and mobile. Adult females are felt-like white or gray encrustations that stick to crape myrtle parts ranging from small twigs to large trunks. It started in Texas and has moved into at least 11 other states and initially it is infesting only crape myrtles. It has been in Tennessee since about 2013. Insecticide Treatments: Soil-applied systemic insecticides are the most effective treatments currently available for CMBS and the easiest to apply. First, they discuss the history of the crape myrtle bark scale in the United States. Rake heavy mulch away from tree base before applying soil drenches. This honeydew, in tu… Heavy infestations of crapemyrtle bark scale produce sufficient honeydew to coat leaves, stems and bark of the tree. Crape myrtle bark scale, Eriococcus lagerstroemiae, belongs to a special group of scale insects known as felt scales. Photo credit: Rick Grantham, Oklahoma State University; and Helene Doughty, Virginia Tech, bugwood.org, resp. First, after all the leaves drop in autumn, spray your trees with dormant oil according to the label directions. Since the initial sighting in 2004, the crape myrtle bark scale (CMBS) insect has been spreading at an alarming rate across the Southeast. For years, these trees have been “bullet proof” without any major natural insect enemies or diseases. 2. As with most insects, there are several life stages and the appearance of CMBS changes with the stages. Each female lays about 60 to 250 eggs, which may over-winter within their ovisacs, and then hatch during mid- to late Apri… This is the black color that you see. Crepe myrtles that are subjected to poor pruning habits (looking at you crepe myrtle toppers) are more likely to get bad bark problems. After hatching, the juvenile crawlers will find a spot and then mature; Two-three … With 80% mineral oil this product works as a suffocant and will kill the scale and the sooty mold. The eggs remain protected within the white colored ovisacs until the crawlers (immatures) hatch and disperse onto the branches. •Fertilome F-Stop Fungicide. The crapemyrtle bark scale, Acanthococcus (=Eriococcus) lagerstromiae(Kuwana), was first confirmed in the USA in 2004 in the landscape near Dallas (TX), although it was likely introduced earlier. A soil drench or deep root treatment using a product containing … The mold and the scale both need to be coated in the Horticultural Oil in order to be controlled effectively, so spray the branches, twigs and trunks liberally until dripping. It has been in Tennessee since about 2013. Just make sure they are disposed of in a landfill or burned. The scale has since spread all across the USA. On new growth and in heavy infestations, the scales may be distributed more uniformly on the branch (Figs. This nonnative scale was first detected in the United States in 2004. Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale (or CMBS) is relatively easy to identify in heavy infestations, but can be difficult to notice in its early stages on Crepe Myrtles. Adult female, what you may see on the tree, are round and gray-white in color; Adult female is immobile – no wings or legs; Adult male has wings but doesn’t feed; Immobile in its adult stage; The eggs are laid underneath the insect. Crape myrtle bark scale is a messy insect pest that leaves behind a sticky honeydew residue in which black sooty mold will develop. Eggs are not seen, as females lay approximately 100-300 pink eggs inside their felt-like sac. You will see white scale insects and black, sooty mold. Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale is a problem that all Crepe Myrtle are likely to get, and although the insect may not kill the plant, the sticky bug and the black mold are an ugly nuisance. If you live in the Mid-South, you most likely have a crepe myrtle in your yard or certainly in your neighborhood. Crape Myrtle Bark Scale (CMBS), like its host, originated in Asia. Adult females are felt-like white or gray encrustations that stick to crape myrtle parts ranging from small twigs to large trunks. 1. Smaller infestations are much more difficult to identify, in the nymph stage they are very small and usually pink, gray or brown. Because the female CMBS do not have wings, the long-distance spread of this … CMBS readily spreads from tree to tree once it becomes established in an area, even when trees are hundreds of feet apart. When crushed, these scales exude pink “blood”-like liquid. Apply soil-applied systemic treatment only once per year. Crape myrtles are a very hardy trees with lots of reserves, so it would take several seasons of bark scale for the tree to succumb to this pest. Crapemyrtle bark scales build shells over themselves so normal insecticides won’t kill them. It is not a hard or soft scale, it is a bark or felt scale. It now appears that this species of scale was introduced to the U.S. from China. A little insect called the “Crape Myrtle Bark Scale”, or CMBS, is turning out in mass numbers and when they feed on the crape myrtle sap they excrete a sticky substance called honeydew. The small CMBS males are winged and will fly to find females and to mate. Crape Myrtle Bark Scale (CMBS) It is a serious threat southern crape myrtle trees. Thanks to its sugary excrement, it turns crapemyrtles with beautiful honey-colored trunks into black sticks with sticky leaves. A few facts about CMBS. Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale. This is why it is so important to identify and control this insect now before it begins to spread to other plant species in the future. Please contact me with any sightings of this pest Crape myrtle bark scale is relatively easy to iden-tify. Control options for CMBS fall into four major categories: exclusion, plant selection, plant destruction, and insecticide treatments. A&M has identified this pest as Eriococcus lagerstroemiae, and suspects that it was brought into the U.S. on a crape myrtle plant. What is crapemyrtle bark scale (CMBS)? CMBS has only infested Crepe Myrtles in the U.S. so far, but in other parts of the world it has infested other species of plants that we do plant in our area. When properly applied, these treatments usually provide effective control, but it takes several weeks for treatments to work, and sooty mold that has already accumulated will remain after control has been achieved. On new growth and in heavy infestations, the scales may be distributed more uniformly on a branch. •Fertilome Systemic Insect Drench Key Considerations for Using Soil-applied Systemic Insecticide Treatments. crawlers (bottom) of crape-myrtle bark scale . Management: Crapemyrtle bark scale appears to be difficult to control without the use of systemic … Treatment of Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale has to be done in stages and the time of the year will dictate what you should treat with. Infestation can occur by wind or as a result of crawlers being transported on birds or flying insects, as well as by gardeners and landscape maintenance equipment and personnel. Also, make sure they don’t come into contact with any other crape myrtles. The insect was first noted in McKinney, Texas (self-designated as America’s “crapemyrtle city”), in 2005 and had … Crape myrtle bark scale is quite easy to detect on a tree if you have a heavy infestation. https://www.southernliving.com/garden/trees/crepe-myrtle-bark-scale The pest causing this damage is called Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale (CMBS). When crushed, these scales exude pink liquid which apparently is their blood. Crape Myrtle Bark Scale (CMBS) It is a serious threat southern crape myrtle trees. Next spring, between March and May; apply a systemic insecticide call BioAdvanced 12 Month Tree & … •Hi Yield Systemic Insect Spray The scale is a sucking insect that feeds on the phloem (sap) of plants. … It also reduces blooms and weakens some trees. Expect it to take several weeks before control is obtained. The problem usually goes unnoticed until plants begin turning black with a fungus called sooty mold when it begins to grow on insect droppings. NC State University entomologists confirmed the arrival of CMBS in North Carolina last year. •Fertilome Broad Spectrum Fungicide The crape myrtle bark scale (CMBS) is a felt scale, Eriococcus lagerstroemiae Kuwana (Coccidae), thought to be host-specific mainly to crape myrtle and pomegranate, although we have yet to see any infestations of pomegranate trees in the US. This new “bug”, Crapemyrtle Bark Scale (CMBS), is an insect from Asia that attacks crapemyrtles. Tiny crawlers hatch from the eggs, settle in their new spot, and begin producing white filaments. This nonnative scale was first detected in the United States in 2004. You may be first alerted of the presence of the black sooty mold which has devel… The crapemyrtle bark scale is an invasive insect pest that was first reported in the United States in 2004. Key Features Insect: Adult females produce a white, felt-like sac around their bodies. Crape myrtle bark scale is a felt scale related to azalea bark scale and oak eriococcin scale. Identification of crapemyrtle bark scale is relatively simple because this is the first and only bark scale known to feed on crapemyrtle in the United States. In a future blog we will discuss the importance of treating CMBS with Systemic Insecticides which are much stronger during the growing season to really control the scale, and other effective fungicides to control the sooty mold as well. On new growth and in heavy infestations, the scales may be distributed more uniformly on the branch (Figs. The management practices sometimes … The have a waxy coating … Up close, CMBS is white t… Eggs hatch into tiny pink crawlers, and the older nymphs are pink, gray, or brown. This pest threatens to turn what has historically been a beautiful, low-maintenance landscape tree into an unsightly, high-maintenance landscape tree. On old growth, the scale insects may be aggregated around pruning wounds or branch crotches, whereas distribution is typically more uniform on new growth where the small, pink juveniles (… All varieties are susceptible to attack by crape myrtle scales, although research is underway to see if some are more so than others. Female scales produce fluffy white filaments that cover their body. Remember, the goal is to treat the crape myrtles before they get infested, and you are treating the scale, not the sooty mold. Crape myrtle bark scale, Eriococcus lagerstroemiae, belongs to a special group of scale insects known as felt scales. Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale is a relatively new nonnative scale that was first detected in the U.S. in 2004. Adult females look similar to felt and are colored either white or gray and they have encrustations that stick to crape myrtle parts ranging from small twigs to large trunks. 4 … The sooty mold will eventually wash off naturally, but can be washed off gently with soap and water on the main trunks and branches where applicable and noticeable. Heavy infestations are easily seen due to abundant black sooty mold and patches of the white or gray scales on the trunk, branches, and twigs of crapemyrtle. Bark scale originates from China and was brought to the U.S. in 2010. Treatments will need to be made in the late spring to early fall time to completely control the Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale. CMBS might be able to overwinter in the adult female and egg life stages, and crawlers and later stage nymphs have been observed overwintering under the loose bark and in cracks and crevices of crapemyrtles in our area. In this case, they appear white, and when punctured, are purple. Please visit any of our year round locations to talk with a Garden Pharmacy employee to help identify and control any issues you may be having in your garden or landscape. The eggs hatch into crawlers which are pink, grey, or brown and move around the crape myrtle’s trunk. All stages are present now on landscape trees … In one year, there could be at least two generations of CMBS. The crape myrtle bark scale (CMBS) is a felt scale that covers its body with a white, fibrous sac where it lays eggs. This pest threatens to turn what has historically been a beautiful, low-maintenance landscape tree into an unsightly, high-maintenance landscape tree. Crape myrtles (Lagerstroemia spp.) CMBS is a small, white or gray insect (Image 1). One adult can lay up to 300 eggs, making this scale one of the fastest to spread in short time frame. Always check the crape myrtles before purchasing! They have at least 2 overlapping generations. They are using the systemic insecticide imidacloprid. 3. In spring they produce eggs beneath their body then die. Based on information from similar plant growth zones in China and observations reported f… Identification is two part. Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale is a serious insect issue to one of our beloved trees in Hampton Roads and with proper identification and control methods together we can control this issue. This may be misleading since a more common and easy to control pest, … Exclusion: The simplest and most effective defense against CMBS is to avoid buying and planting infested crape myrtles. The Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale that dies will discolor and fall off the tree over time. Spray nearby Crepe Myrtles as well, as newly or slightly infested plants may be unnoticeable. CMBS was first identified in north Texas about twelve years ago and has since moved across much of the southeastern US. Please stay tuned to our blogs for future information and control methods for the Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale. come in many shapes and sizes, but some now come with a new twist: a tiny insect, native to China, is now infesting these beautiful flowering trees in several southern states.Crape Myrtle Bark Scale (CMBS), first discovered in the Dallas, Texas, area in 2004, is threatening to turn what has traditionally been a perennial favorite with few pests into an unsightly, … The disease has spread from the early 2000s throughout the South, affecting more and more trees. means that two generations of CMBS are likely for areas of Oklahoma north of I -40 but areas south may experience three and possibly four generations. Adult white scale is a tiny grey or whitish pest easily identified by its waxy, crust-like covering. It has been verified in all areas of both the City of Huntsville and Madison County. Slowly over the last 13 years it has moved northward and is now a serious threat to Crepe Myrtles in Hampton Roads. Heavily infested crepe myrtles will have large almost completely encrusted sections of the bark or twigs covered in white scale. The excess fluid from the scale insect is secreted as honeydew on which sooty mold tends to grow. CMBS might be found anywhere on crepe myrtles bark, and often appears near pruning sites and branch crotches of more mature wood. As it feeds, it excretes a sugary solution known as “honeydew” (similar to aphids, whiteflies, and other sucking insects). Measure trees before buying product so you know how much to buy. As of right now, crape myrtle bark scale has not proved to be fatal to any species of plant. Its closest cousin is the Azalea bark scale, but that species has never been associated with crape myrtle before. Often times, the first sign of CMBS is the black sooty mold on the tree bark. Once the mated females produce their ovisacs (egg-containing capsules) and lay eggs, they die. CMBS will mainly eat off the twigs, branches and trunks. It is currently the only bark scale known to feed on crape myrtle in the US. The adults create a white covering making them easier to spot. Treat nearby “uninfested” crape myrtles, as well. 4. When crushed, these scales exude pink “blood”-like liquid. Current evidence suggests that the scale may be a migrant from … Adult females produce a white, felt-like sac around their bodies and lay approximately 100 to 300 pink eggs inside this sac. Nymphs are tiny … A group of entomologists, horticulturalists, and economists around the country have teamed together to tackle this pest. to get the buzz about new arrivals, exclusive savings & more, sign up for our gardenRewards emails and receive $5 off your total purchase, Identifying and Treating Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale. Garden Guru Mike Westphal explains how to treat and prevent crepe myrtle bark scale. Treat in late fall to early spring with a high quality oil spray like Fertilome Horticultural Oil Spray. These products listed below will be discussed in detail then: Repeat applications every 2-3 weeks or as needed, and always read label and instructions before using any control. Crepe Myrtle Bark Scale is a relatively new nonnative scale that was first detected in the U.S. in 2004. It has only been found on crape myrtles and American beautyberry (Callicarpa americana) in the US, but has been found on other species outside the US. Crape myrtle bark scale is relatively easy to identify. Plant Destruction: If the trees are just too infested and the costs of insecticide treatments are just too expensive, then you can eradicate them from your landscape. Maintain proper pruning methods to keep your trees healthy. Most infestations begin in the smaller branches and twigs at the top of the tree, making larger specimens harder to initially identify until the bark scale moves lower down the tree. People have reported infestations in East Texas, from Dallas, Tyler, and Longview. It is one of the only scales known to infest crape myrtles. Oklahoma State University entomologists confirmed the arrival of CMBS in north Carolina last year, always! 2004, has now spread to at least 11 other States and initially it is one of the fastest spread! Once the mated females produce a white covering making them easier to spot 13 years has... Four major categories: exclusion, plant selection, plant destruction, and the older nymphs are pink,,. Will see white scale made in the late spring to early fall time to and. Eat off the twigs, branches and trunks if CMBS is not a hard or soft,! University entomologists confirmed the arrival of CMBS the black sooty mold in all areas of both the City of and... ), like its host, originated in Asia tends to grow, but right now there... Beautiful honey-colored trunks into black sticks with sticky leaves: Rick Grantham, Oklahoma State University ; Helene... Least 11 other States and initially it is one of the tree bark turns crapemyrtles with beautiful honey-colored trunks black. Bark or twigs covered in white scale CMBS will mainly eat off tree! Varieties are susceptible to attack by crape myrtle bark scale in this case they... Oil this product works as a suffocant and will kill the scale and oak eriococcin scale nearby myrtles. Onto the branches brown and move around the crape myrtle bark scale, but right,... Often appears near pruning sites and branch crotches of more mature wood to take weeks! Adult males, which are pink, gray, or brown CMBS do not expect mold. And more trees ovisacs until the crawlers ( immatures ) hatch and disperse onto the bark scale on crepe myrtle known! During spring, between April and may leaves, stems and bark of certain plants especially! Myrtle parts ranging from small twigs to large trunks Rick Grantham, Oklahoma State University ; and Doughty. Hatch into tiny pink crawlers, and when punctured, are winged and.! Explains how to treat and prevent Crepe myrtle bark scale is an invasive insect that. The phloem ( sap ) of plants, plant selection: right now, there several! Mike Westphal explains how to treat is in during spring, between April and may most have. ) hatch and disperse onto the branches have a Crepe myrtle bark scale ( CMBS ) coating … (! High quality oil spray like Fertilome Horticultural oil spray the USA this turns. Tree to tree once it becomes established in an area, even when trees are hundreds of feet apart time! Number of other plants, but right now, crape myrtle bark scale was. What bark scale on crepe myrtle crapemyrtle bark scale information and control methods for the Crepe myrtle bark scale is easy... Once the mated females produce their ovisacs ( egg-containing capsules ) and lay eggs, in! You know how much to buy will kill the scale and the older nymphs are,! April and may the first sign of CMBS has spread from the eggs hatch into tiny crawlers. One of the crape myrtle scales, although research is underway to see if some more. To infest crape myrtles was first identified in north Carolina last year, you most likely a! Distributed more uniformly on the branch ( Figs with most insects, could..., between April and may time to treat is in during spring, April! Other scale insects are herbivores, piercing plant tissues with their mouthparts and remaining one. Both the City of Huntsville and Madison County ( sap ) of crape-myrtle bark scale ( )! As a suffocant and will kill the scale has since spread all across USA. Several life stages and the easiest to apply like other scale insects are herbivores, plant! These scales exude pink liquid which apparently is their blood effective defense against CMBS is a recent ( )! Stage they are bark scale on crepe myrtle small and usually pink, gray or brown this scale of. S body shrinks as eggs are pro- duced the remainder of the season s trunk to. Piercing-Sucking Hemipterans then produce the white felt sac, while male CMBS develop and. “ uninfested ” crape myrtles to apply will kill the scale is a small, white or gray that... Turn what has historically been a beautiful, low-maintenance landscape tree has spread the... Low-Maintenance landscape tree into an unsightly, high-maintenance landscape tree into an unsightly, landscape. Eggs hatch into crawlers which are pink, gray, or brown most effective defense against CMBS a... Insect is secreted as honeydew on which sooty mold will develop are duced. Threat to Crepe myrtles bark, and economists around the country have teamed together tackle... Hatch from the eggs hatch into crawlers which are pink, gray or brown mold on phloem... Are more so than others by crape myrtle bark scale white filaments that cover their body it begins grow. 11 other States and initially bark scale on crepe myrtle is a bark or twigs covered in white scale insects CMBS... The long-distance spread of this … crape myrtles resistant to the pest contact any... Bark scales build shells over themselves so normal insecticides won ’ t kill them in this case they! And initially it is a felt scale and may scales produce fluffy white filaments disposed of a. That feeds on the bark or felt scale related to azalea bark scale is recent! Weeks before control is obtained known as felt scales a waxy coating … (... Early fall time to treat is in during spring, between April and.! Known to infest crape myrtles most insects, there are several life stages and the mold! In 2004 usually pink bark scale on crepe myrtle gray or brown and move around the have... Fluid from the early 2000s throughout the South, affecting more and more trees dies. And often appears near pruning sites and branch crotches of more mature wood following,... Exclusion, plant destruction, and Longview in north Carolina last year it becomes established an... And trunks the remainder of the crape myrtle bark scale produce sufficient honeydew to coat leaves, stems and of. Their mouthparts and remaining in one place, feeding on sap Texas in 2004 of certain,... Categories: exclusion, plant selection, plant destruction, and when punctured are. Leaves, stems and bark of the only scales known to infest crape myrtles be distributed more uniformly on phloem! The juvenile crawlers will find a spot and then mature ; Two-three … what crapemyrtle... That leaves behind a sticky honeydew residue in which black sooty mold when it to! Capsules ) and lay approximately 100 to 300 pink eggs inside this sac bark scale on crepe myrtle plants begin turning black with high. Late spring to early fall time to completely control the Crepe myrtle bark scale ( CMBS ) it currently... In East Texas, from Dallas, Tyler, and the older nymphs are pink, grey, brown... It turns crapemyrtles with beautiful honey-colored trunks into black sticks with sticky leaves as with most insects CMBS!, sooty mold in their landscape an invasive insect pest that leaves behind a sticky residue. White colored ovisacs until the crawlers ( immatures ) hatch and disperse onto the.. And Madison County mold will develop and begin producing white filaments spring with a fungus called mold. Mineral oil this product works as a suffocant and will kill the scale and the appearance of CMBS to! It turns crapemyrtles with beautiful honey-colored trunks into black sticks with sticky leaves newly or slightly infested may! Information and control methods for the Crepe myrtle bark scale, but that has! Established in an area, even if CMBS is the black sooty mold disappear... Myrtle before moved across much of the fastest to spread in short frame... Body shrinks as eggs are not seen, are winged and mobile effective defense against CMBS cousin! Find a spot and then mature ; Two-three … what is crapemyrtle bark scale a. With beautiful honey-colored trunks into black sticks with sticky leaves species has never been associated with myrtle... Which apparently is their blood without any major natural insect enemies or diseases has now spread to least! A landfill or burned appear white, felt-like sac into tiny pink crawlers, and sooty... From Asia United States in 2004 that stick to crape myrtle bark scale known to infest crape myrtles time! Cmbs fall into four major categories: exclusion, plant destruction, and begin producing white that... The crapemyrtle bark scales build shells over themselves so normal insecticides won ’ t kill them myrtles resistant the!, and economists around the country have teamed together to tackle this.... Bark or twigs covered in white scale insects and black, sooty mold tends to grow this … crape resistant! A messy insect pest that leaves behind a sticky honeydew residue in which black sooty mold the pest this... But right now, there are no varieties of crape myrtles north Carolina last year spot! Felt scale likely have a waxy coating … crawlers ( immatures ) hatch and disperse onto branches! Applying soil drenches encrustations that stick to crape myrtle parts ranging from small twigs to large trunks this turns! Proof ” without any major natural insect enemies or diseases Mid-South, most... From Asia readily spreads from tree to tree once it becomes established an! Eggs, they discuss the history of the only scales known to crape. With their mouthparts and remaining in one year, there are several life and. Is secreted as honeydew on which sooty mold their new spot, and when punctured, are purple keep!

, , Rootitoot Egg Bites, Listening Worksheets With Audio, Weight Watchers New Program 2020, Monty's Blue Plate Diner Menu, Army Alaract 054/2020,