South Africa is an upper-middle-income economy, one of only eight such countries in Africa. In general definition, minimum wage is the minimum amount of compensation that laborers must receive under the law and is regarded as the lowest wage employers are allowed to pay. Our Team | Contact Us | Copyright © 2020 All rights reserved, Show your support for Child Protection Week, Strengthening local govt to improve lives, Bekkersdal Ubuntu restores damaged clinic, Collective bargaining paves way for agreement, Help a call away for gender violence victims, Housing project brings joy to KZN pensioner, China to give SA lessons in maths, science, Chicken business puts businesswoman on the map, Energy-saving baking brings in extra dough. South Africa is situated in the most southern part of the continent Africa, and is now hosting the world cup 2010. The union will negotiate with an employer or a group of businesses on behalf of an employee or employees. %PDF-1.5 These strikes continue to negatively impact on the socio-economic factors in the South African society and particularly the businesses. While some strikes come as a protest against some deeply resented action on the part of management, the most common single strike cause is still the demand for more money. Economists agree that the affect of strikes on the economy are difficult to calculate but, is detrimental to the country and its workers. Difference in income, race and gender are some of the major causes of strikes. This is according to the Department of Labour, which added that wages lost because of strikes went up from R6.6 billion in 2012 to R6.7 billion in 2013. The writer looks at the strikes which took place South Africa by the farmer workers in 2012 and 2013, the result of those strikes... premier. /SMask 4 0 R /Height 3508 This paper explored the incidents of strikes in post-apartheid South Africa … This section gives effect in the form of an entire section named “Labour Relations”. South Africa has large market potential, well developed infrastructure and a competitive domestic economy. benefits and disadvantages of implementing a wealth tax in South Africa by CHELESILE MATOBELA A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree LLM TAX LAW in the FACULTY OF LAW University of Pretoria Supervisor: Advocate C Louw The need for more cheap black labour after the Second World War led the South African government to look for migrant workers outside South Africa… Critics of trade unions argue they can be disruptive to firms, discouraging investment and improved working practices. /Rows 3508 /BitsPerComponent 8 Strikes may take different forms. It grew in 2013 to 5,8% of GDP, its widest since 2008. For the current account, the losses will be magnified as South Africa’s government embarks on a spending binge for big ticket items such as over 1 000 trains that will be imported from foreign companies. Presently the death penalty or capital punishment has been abolished all over South Africa. Once the strike is over, even if the business has not been closed down by it, the feelings of hostility resulting from the strike can severely damage teamwork, productivity and profitability. The right to strike in South Africa is clearly indicated and stipulated in Section 23 of the Constitution. ù†ú©;3ûíÖ¾’7, cdpV¸QpЧ7—íw+ÛKUDg„yZO²tW?pÈ%ª9J)ž‰*WJ³ÁßÀó§KlB]K÷³1=M'>zXÃÒOç. 2 0 obj It is regarded as the most developed state in Africa and among the last to have an elected black president towards the end of the 20 th century. Gavin Stansfield, Director, Employment, Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr. /ImageName /ps5D9.jpg Businesses suffer production and financial losses and consumer confidence is adversely affected. As a productive pole, it is the most industrialised, technologically advanced and diversified economy on the African continent. Land expropriation without compensation is a controversial topic in South Africa. Strikes that continue for a long time have a negative impact on the economy and do not benefit anyone. << During apartheid, their objectives were distinctly political. stream But in South Africa, a poll found out that 76 percent of young South Africans support the death penalty and want it to be re-introduced in their country. The first advantage is that strikes allow workers to protest actions by the employer they deem unfair without fear of losing their jobs. Causes of strikes in South Africa are multifaceted and their effects detrimentally catastrophic. /Type /XObject /XObject South Africa is one of the countries with rich and fascinating history in the world. benefits and disadvantages of implementing a wealth tax in South Africa by CHELESILE MATOBELA A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree LLM TAX LAW in the FACULTY OF LAW University of Pretoria Supervisor: Advocate C Louw December 2012 G ©GUniversityGofGPretoriaG G G. G. G. ii Declaration I, Chelesile Nontobeko Matobela, hereby … Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, Social and Political Theory. South Africa's main assets are: A filmmaker can find there any background desired as the scenery for his motion picture, but variety is not the only true value of the African landscape. %âãÏÓ /Columns 2480 A disadvantage of strikes is that they can cause financial damage to the company involved since no work is being performed. South Africa's main assets are: Another disadvantage claimed by anti-collective bargaining is the time it takes for the negotiations to finish and materialize. A System of Abuse When they where first established, labor unions served a wonderful purpose. stream The strikes, mainly affecting the mining and auto sectors, hit exports, widening the trade and current-account deficits. South Africa is a country that has institutionalised marches. The Marikana massacre, was the killing of 34 miners by the South African Police Service (SAPS). /Colors 3 In the past few years, the country has been gripped by a wave of strikes resulting in the destruction of property, loss of income and lives. It usually encompasses negotiations on number of hours worked, health and safety, salaries and grievances, among others. South Africa spends 0.75% of its GDP on tertiary education which is less than the African or world average. The majority stated that withholding services completely during a strike was unacceptable. South Africa has a history of state owned enterprises that haven’t been very successful, this would place more doubt in the mind of the foreign invertor. For South Africa to be the strongest African economy and attenting positions such as being a member of the g8 as been a clearl work of globalization making it at the center of the Africa. When workers in one industry get a pay boost, others are not satisfied until they do too. In an effort to prevent strikes and deal with the violence accompanying them, the department will discuss the introduction of a system of compulsory negotiations with its social partners at the National Economic Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC). Disadvantages of Labor Unions. The country's democracy is also well-established and the rule of law is observed. Strikes bring about various advantages and disadvantages. The Office of Registrar of Labour Relations says it is now illegal to embark on a strike action before conducting a secret ballot of members. They talk about bureaucracy and what it does to the people involved in the process. /Subtype /Form The migrant labour system in South Africa, besides restricting the freedom of mobility of the worker and his family, creates additional difficulties within the field of trade union organizing. HOW TO RESOLVE CONSTRUCTIVELY THE CONFLICT THAT CAUSES INDUSTRIAL ACTION. Labor strikes are a useful tool for a union when it negotiates a new contract or better working conditions for the workers whom the union represents. Prolonged strikes hurt both the employer and employees and also have a negative impact on the country’s economy. “There are no winners in … The South African labour market requires leadership, and it needs real change. The SATLC was broken up by 1954. This is according to the Department of Labour, which added that wages lost because of strikes went up from R6.6 billion in 2012 to R6.7 billion in 2013. However, we are aware that there are measures in place to deal with this phenomenon.”. Essential Services and the Right to Strike. It took place on 16 August 2012, and was the most lethal use of force by South African security forces against civilians since 1976. “The lack of income security places pressure on workers to maximise earnings when they are in paid employment … and makes compromise difficult,” it added. The working conditions in factories during the late 1800’s were horrible, and the pay was just as bad. “South Africa is in the top three countries with the highest death rates from lightning,” said senior research manager at the weather service, Dr Nhlonipho Nhlabatsi. /FormType 1 South Africa has large market potential, well developed infrastructure and a competitive domestic economy. Labour unions have played an integral role as a voice for social transformation in South Africa. >> This suggests that we misprice risk and miss opportunities. /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Type /XObject About 80,000 gold miners in South Africa walked out on strike on Tuesday night, raising fears of renewed violence in the crisis-hit industry and underlining the government's dwindling authority. The Act states in regard to protected strikes that a union or representative of the employees must first refer the dispute that they have with the employer for reconciliation; a certificate stating that the dispute remains unresolved must be issued by the bargaining Council or CCMA. towards South Africa. South Africans are dissatisfied with the manner in which healthcare workers conduct strikes. Coming of Age, a Fictional Rendition. This consuming desire for more money is contagious. The union was subsequently banned. ”0}û.ô]¿ÄÇhœë¥6A)qíŽ-ʬ.2K;/:"뚑{°…-¦A*Õ The African National Congress (ANC) as well as the South African Communist Party (SACP) had wanted the African Mine Worker’s Strike to turn into a general strike. Strikes that continue for a long time have a negative impact on the economy and do not benefit anyone. 1. Land expropriation without compensation is a controversial topic in South Africa. In many cases, workers face several challenges in their places of work, which they fear airing out due to repercussion or ignorance by the management. A protected strike will follow a legal process as set out in the Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995. << Available at GCIS provincial offices, GCIS district offices & Thusong centres in your area! Mkhize: COVID-19 exposes all the weaknesses in SA’s social, economic structures. The department is also planning a Labour Relations Indaba where various issues relating to strikes will be discussed by government, business and labour. The immediate impacts on local mining towns were partic-ularly severe, but our research shows that the strike could also have long lasting negative impacts on the South African economy as a whole. /Blend 1 The country's democracy is also well-established and the rule of law is observed. The massacre has been compared to the 1960 Sharpeville massacre. 4. Proponents of this topic mention the following benefits, amongst others: Re-industrialising South Africa's economy, Emphasis on black ownership in terms of land ownership and the economy, The removal of monopoly structures and; The development led and driven by state. The purpose of this paper is to explore the legality of these strikes and to suggest what the law could do to better manage them. Globalization has managed to have an impact on the economy ,politics and social nature bringing about positive results for South Africa. endobj >> They hurt both employers and employees the same - employers lose income while trade unions or employees lose wages, which is hard to recover after a prolonged industrial action. If one union has more power than a single worker, then several unions banded together are very powerful indeed. Neither The Constitution nor the Labour Relations Act make any reference as to whether a strike … They may be protected or unprotected, and they may be partial or complete. << Dealing effectively with South Africa’s massive unemployment problem and the harmful effects of frequent strikes on productivity and economic growth will require major structural reforms to … As a productive pole, it is the most industrialised, technologically advanced and diversified economy on the African continent. So if your motivation for investing is to reduce costs, probably not a good idea. Timeline 2015 12–19 October. While some companies are strong enough to survive the damage caused by a strike, they can still lose market … The effect of embarking on protected strike action is that no employee may be dismissed by reason of their participation in the strike, nor do they commit a breach of their contracts of employment by participating in protected strike action. The South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC) hosted a dialogue yesterday in Johannesburg on striking a balance between the right to access of … Negotiations can take months and even years to finish, excluding the time it will take to execute the stipulations in the agreement contracts. Studies have been conducted on the bargaining processes to ascertain proper engagement /ColorTransform 1 South Africa has hosted events any football events like this, however it has hosted rugby, cricket, grand prix and the confederations cup. Labor strikes are a useful tool for a union when it negotiates a new contract or better working conditions for the workers whom the union represents. “There are no winners in prolonged strikes. The South African Department of Higher Education and Training calculated the damage caused to universities during the 2015 #FeesMustFall protests to R300 302 848.58, with the North West University's Mahikeng campus having suffered the most damage at R151m due to unrest that saw buildings torched, students shot at with rubber bullets and the university closing for a month. The world cup has affected the economy, the population and the environment of South Africa, the main impact for the country itself is tourism. Proponents of this topic mention the following benefits, amongst others: Re-industrialising South Africa's economy, Emphasis on black ownership in terms of land ownership and the economy, The removal of monopoly structures and; The development led and driven by state. Negative perceptions of service quality during strikes were voiced strongly by the study population. /Im0 2 0 R ׄ >> Striking protects workers from unfair action being taken against them when they speak out against unacceptable … The unions: South Africa has long suffered from toxic labour relations, but waves of violent strikes in the past year, some deadly, have scarred the country. Disadvantages of nationailsation Nationalisation would create panic among foreign investors. South Africa is not a low cost country. The Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu) will begin a major strike action this week as ongoing disputes between labour and government come to a head. “Inequality in earnings is compounded by a lack of income security, particularly for workers when they reach retirement and for those outside of secure, permanent or regular temporary employment. For instance, in December 2011 the security and electricity services at airports in South Africa were declared essential services by the ESC. /Length 47 Furthermore, powerful unions can lead to macroeconomic problems such as wage inflation and lost productivity due to strike action. The strike lasted …ve months, ending in June 2014 when producers reached an agreement with the main labour unions. strike in South Africa’s platinum industry. South Africa?s economy has become an extremely competitive one, and losing business to a competitor is a serious blow. However, this will mean that those receiving treatment from different areas, public or private, will be required to … Introduction. In 9 pages this paper discusses Achebe's novel as it relates to African social and political theory considered in The Dual Mandate... premier. /Resources The police had put an end to this strike with their brutal means and this had given rise to the National Party (NP). Strikes, all too often accompanied by violence, are common in essential services in South Africa, as the recent public sector strike demonstrates. Strikes in South Africa could have long-term economic consequences In South Africa, 1.3 million striking public service workers refuse government offers, further disrupting schools and … We conduct our analysis using a dynamic CGE model of South Africa. JEL codes: C68, J52 Keywords: Platinum mining strike, computable general equilibrium, UPGEM 1 Introduction >> equally spread South Africa is world leading in mining. “We have seen parties acting outside the legal framework provided for by legislation, which is an area of concern. /Filter /DCTDecode A disadvantage of strikes is that they can cause financial damage to the company involved since no work is being performed. In all other industries, including education (at present), disputes on employment issues of mutual interest such as remuneration and other terms and conditions of employment, are resolved through bargaining and eventually industrial action. As the law currently stands, there are three procedural requirements which must be complied with by a party (usually a trade union) who wishes to embark on protected strike action. They called a general strike. South Africa, because it is a member of the ILO, ratified the said Conventions and more specifically granted every worker with a constitutionally entrenched right to strike. Such problems include … South Africans would be more inclined to support … Exploitation Of Mining In South Africa 1594 Words | 7 Pages. /BBox [0 0 595.2 841.92] /ProcSet [/PDF /ImageC] The recent strikes in South Africa illustrate the damage that can be caused: the workers have lost pay due to absence from work, and the employers have lost business. 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